The pineapple is an edible fruit-bearing plant from the Bromeliaceae family. Native to the tropical regions of America, it produces a fruit which becomes ripe around 5-6 months after flowering.
The earliest written references of pineapples are by Sir Christopher Columbus and Sir Walter Rayleigh who found them growing in the West Indies. The fruit is native to tropical regions and requires a warm and humid climate, but one free from extreme temperatures.
The pineapple is a versatile fruit that can be eaten on its own or used as an ingredient in fish, meat or vegetable dishes, being widely used in Oriental cuisine. It can be canned and shipped all over the globe. Most of the pineapples in the world are produced in Hawaii and South-East Asia. Pineapples have long been associated with exoticism and wealth, with the Wimbledon tennis trophy bearing one in reference to high status.
Smooth Cayenne is one of the most well-known types of pineapple. It is the most popular from the Cayenne group with orange rind and yellow flesh, being juicy with a full flavor and slight acidity. Seeing as the Smooth Cayenne is quite prone to disease it does not travel well, but it is a good pineapple for canning.
The MD2 was named after Millie Dillard, the wife of the general manager of the Maui Pineapple Company. MD2 has several benefits and advantages over other types of pineapple: its attractive gold color, its sweetness, its low acidity, its thin skin, long shelf life, and the fact that it has around four times more vitamin C content than many other variants. Since the MD2 has a shelf life of around 30 days, in comparison to the 21 days of many other species, it is far more suitable for both canning and shipping fresh. Before the MD2, many people outside the tropics could only eat canned pineapples, but the MD2 pineapple can be shipped to people all over the world fresh. Because of these huge benefits, the MD2 can normally command a much higher price than other pineapple types.
Well-known in Brazil, this pineapple is quite spiny and good at resisting disease. It is tall, straight and sunburns quite easily. The flesh of the pineapple is sweet and a white-yellow color. Even though it is favored by many, this pineapple is quite sensitive and breakable, so it’s not as good as other variants for commercial shipping.
This pineapple is well-grown in the West Indies and constitutes around 85% of the planting in Puerto Rico. It has a unique, red appearance and is far more spherical in comparison to other pineapples varieties. The flesh is pale yellow and quite flavorful. Its hardness and the fact that it is resistant to fruit rot means that it is a good pineapple for shipping
This is one of the most popular types of pineapple and is well-liked in South Africa and the Philippines. It is small with sinewy, golden-yellow flesh. It is juicy and more fragrant than the Smooth Cayenne, being sold both fresh and in cans. The president of India, Ram Nath Kovind, recently made this pineapple the state fruit of Tripura, NW India.
There are many different types of pineapples, with reportedly 37 different varieties available. Here we have listed the most well-known, though there are many more with a range of different colors, flavors, and textures to try. In spite of the fact that the Smooth Cayenne, the Queen, and Abacaxi are popular, recently the MD2 has been gaining popularity as one of the most fine-tasting pineapples in the world whose high-vitamin content makes it even more healthy than other varieties.